You may have heard of neurofeedback, cognitive training, and biofeedback. But do you understand how those non-invasive treatments treat ADHD, anxiety, and other cognitive dysfunctions?
Read below to learn why each of our non-invasive treatments is effective.
How does neurofeedback work?
Neurofeedback is one of our non-invasive treatments. It trains the brain to function more efficiently.
In neurofeedback treatment, electrodes placed on the client’s scalp read and display brainwave activity. No actual electricity is used – the electrodes simply measure the brain’s natural electrical impulses.
Real-time displays illustrate brain activity on a computer screen, enabling clients to control their mental patterns.The brain wave measurements are input into a computer game, which requires focus and relaxation to operate. Over time, clients learn to control their brain activity in accordance with the game, teaching themselves how to increase focus and minimize distractions.
Research has shown that neurofeedback treatment can create permanent positive changes in clients’ brains and significantly improve long-term performance.
How does cognitive training work?
Cognitive training definition
Cognitive training is one of our non-invasive treatments that enhances specific cognitive skills through brain-based learning techniques that can be practiced at home.
Cognitive training process
Cognitive training begins with an assessment of the client’s needs and goals. First, the client will indicate the reasons for seeking cognitive training, which often include minimizing the effects of learning or mood disorders, or improving academic, testing, or job performance. Second, appropriate assessments are completed, both pre- and post- treatment, to determine baseline performance and improvements.
The client is then given a specific computer program, such as Captain’s Log, that has been designed to improve memory, attention, visual and auditory processing, listening skills, reading skills, self-control, processing speed, and other cognitive function.
Cognitive training results
Like neurofeedback, cognitive therapy is one of our non-invasive treatments that can provide lasting results for clients’ memory, attention, and other skills.
How does biofeedback work?
Biofeedback is one of our non-invasive treatments for cognitive dysfunctions that helps clients reduce physical symptoms of stress and anxiety.
During biofeedback, special sensors are placed on the body to measure designated functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, muscle tension, respiration, and body temperature.
Information from the sensors is translated into visual and/or auditory stimuli that provide feedback to the client. The feedback is used to identify and strengthen targeted responses and ultimately teaches clients how to better control their bodies.
Education and coaching are provided during sessions to teach clients the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and mental images on their physiological reactions.
By understanding this relationship between mind and body, clients learn techniques, including relaxation exercises, mental imagery, and cognitive behavior strategies, that foster relaxation instead of anxiety. At the conclusion of treatment, clients typically retain the ability to repeat learned responses without the benefit of having visual or auditory feedback.
Neurofeedback, cognitive training, or biofeedback – which is better?
Typically, the type of treatment a client should choose depends upon the client’s assessment, needs, and goals. In most cases, a combination of neurofeedback, cognitive training, and biofeedback is considered the best possible course of action. In all cases, the clinician will recommend the appropriate protocol.
Could you or your child benefit from neurofeedback, cognitive training, or biofeedback? Call us today at (410) 531-5087 to request a consultation.